James Reaney (1926–2008) was a Canadian poet, playwright, and literary critic. He was born in Easthope, Ontario. Reaney won his first of three Governor General's Literary Awards for the book of poetry The Red Heart in 1949. He received the other two awards for A Suit of Nettles (1958) and a joint award for Twelve Letters to a Small Town and The Killdeer and Other Plays (1962). Reaney's best-known dramatic work is his Donnellys trilogy. He taught at the University of Manitoba and the University of Western Ontario for a total of forty years. He received his doctorate under the supervision of Northrop Frye. Reaney was married to poet Colleen Thibaudeau and had two children, both of whom are journalists.